This open issue includes work by Arnold Reisman, who notes in his article that Felix Haurowitz, the great biochemist, survived extermination because, starting in 1933, Turkey offered refuge for many intellectuals who were fleeing the Nazis. America was out of reach for the likes of Haurowitz because of restrictive immigration laws and widespread anti-Semitic hiring and gender bias at its universities.

Published: 2023-05-31