the special issue on "Quebec and Canada in the Americas," is the cover of the Refus globale manifesto: "In 1948, Paul-Emile Borduas, then a little-known painter on the international scene, living in the Province of Quebec, Canada, together with sixteen friends and students, proclaimed publicly a new era in terms of art and social attitudes by publishing a manifesto that they called Refus global." [excerpt from "Borduas -- Then and Now"]

Published: 2023-03-29